What drum machines did Prince use?

Prince is mostly associated with the Linn LM-1 drum machine. Prince first used this drum machine on Private Joy from the Controversy album in 1981. Prince was known for drastically retuning the samples on the LM-1 and playing the samples through his Boss effects pedals. This created the distinctive drum sounds heard on many of his most famous records, including When Doves Cry and Raspberry Beret. Prince would use the LM-1 throughout his career.

In the late 1980s, Prince started to branch out to other drum machine sounds. He used the samples from the Fairlight CMI on Parade and Sign O The Times, including the song Sign O The Times. On Lovesexy, Prince introduced the Dynacord ADD One drum rack, controlled by the LM-1.

In the 1990s, Prince used other drum machines, including the Roland R-8 and Akai samplers and MPCs. He then returned to the Linn LM-1 for Newpower Soul and Rave Un2 The Joy Fanastic, and would continue using the LM-1 through the 2000s.

Prince did acquire a LinnDrum, the sequel to the LM-1, on release, but did not like it and continued using the older LM-1. He hired one for use on the song Elephants and Flowers when his other LM-1s were unavailable. David Z used a Linn 9000 on the song Kiss.

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